Edited by Jeffrey Geiger
University of Essex
R. L. Rutsky
San Francisco State University
W. W. Norton & Company New York London
W. W. Norton & Company has been independent since its founding in 1923, when William Warder Norton and Mary D. Herter Norton first published lectures delivered at the People’s Institute, the adult education division of New York City’s Cooper Union. The Nortons soon expanded their program beyond the Institute, publishing books by celebrated academics from America and abroad. By mid-century, the two major pillars of Norton’s publishing program—trade books and college texts—were firmly established. In the 1950s, the Norton family transferred control of the company to its employees, and today—with a staff of four hundred and a comparable number of trade, college, and professional titles published each year—W. W. Norton & Company stands as the largest and oldest publishing house owned wholly by its employees. Copyright © 2005 [TK]
All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America. The text of this book is composed in [TK] with the display set [TK]. Composition by TSI Graphics, Inc. Book design by Anna Oler. Manufacturing by the Courier Companies—Westford Division. Cover illustration: [TK] Production Manager: Ben Reynolds. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data ISBN 0–393–97983–0 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10110–0017 www.wwnorton.com W. W. Norton & Company Ltd., Castle House, 75/76 Wells Street, London W1T 3QT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Table of Contents Alphabetical Table of Contents 9 Preface 13 Introduction 17 Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895–1897), Lumière Brothers 42 Karin Littau A Trip to the Moon (1902), Georges Méliès 64 Tom Gunning The Birth of a Nation (1915), D. W. Griffith 82 Daniel Bernardi The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), Robert Wiene 98 Paul Coates Nanook of the North (1922), Robert J. Flaherty 118 Jeffrey Geiger Sherlock Jr. (1924), Buster Keaton 138 Hal Gladfelder Battleship Potemkin (1926), Sergei Eisenstein 158 Bill Nichols Metropolis (1927), Fritz Lang 178 R. L. Rutsky Un chien andalou (1929), Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí 196 Tom Conley It Happened One Night (1934), Frank Capra 216 Richard Maltby Contents Modern Times (1936), Charlie Chaplin 238 Charles J. Maland Osaka Elegy (1936), Mizoguchi Kenji 260 Joanne Bernardi Bringing Up Baby (1938), Howard Hawks 282 S. I. Salamensky The Rules of the Game (1939), Jean Renoir 300 Christopher Faulkner Stagecoach (1939), John Ford 319 Matthew Bernstein Citizen Kane (1941), Orson Welles 340 James Naremore Casablanca (1942), Michael Curtiz 362 Dana Polan Double Indemnity (1944), Billy Wilder 380 Gaylyn Studlar Rome Open City (1945), Roberto Rossellini 400 Marcia Landy Bicycle Thieves (1948), Vittorio De Sica 422 Geoffrey Nowell-Smith Singin’ in the Rain (1952), Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly 440 Jane Feuer Tokyo Story (1953), Ozu Yasujiro 456 David Desser Rear Window (1954), Alfred Hitchcock 474 Elizabeth Cowie Seven Samurai (1954), Kurosawa Akira 494 Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto Pather Panchali (1955), Satyajit Ray 510 Neepa Majumdar 6 Contents The Seventh Seal (1956), Ingmar Bergman Marilyn Johns Blackwell 528 The 400 Blows (1959), François Truffaut Alastair Phillips 550 Breathless (1960), Jean-Luc Godard Richard Neupert 566 81/2 (1963), Federico Fellini Kriss Ravetto-Biagioli 582 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Stanley Kubrick Robert Kolker 602 The Godfather (1972), Francis Ford Coppola Jon Lewis 622 Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (1974), Rainer Werner Fassbinder Shohini Chaudhuri 640 Chinatown (1974), Roman Polanski Steve Neale 660 The Last Supper (1976), Tomás Gutiérrez Alea Gilberto M. Blasini 678 Taxi Driver (1976), Martin Scorsese Cynthia Fuchs 696 Ceddo (1977), Ousmane Sembene Philip Rosen 716 Peking Opera Blues (1986), Tsui Hark Jenny Kwok Wah Lau 738 Yeelen (1987), Souleymane Cissé N. Frank Ukadike 756 Do the Right Thing (1989), Spike Lee Sharon Willis 776 Close-up (1989), Abbas Kiarostami Hamid Naficy 794 Contents To Sleep with Anger (1990), Charles Burnett Valerie Smith 814 Raise the Red Lantern (1991), Zhang Yimou Shuqin Cui 830 Daughters of the Dust (1991), Julie Dash Anna Everett 850 All About My Mother (1999), Pedro Almodóvar Paul Julian Smith 872 Glossary of Critical Terms