From Film

Film Analysis


Edited by Jeffrey Geiger

University of Essex
R. L. Rutsky
San Francisco State University

W. W. Norton & Company New York London

W. W. Norton & Company has been independent since its founding in 1923, when William Warder Norton and Mary D. Herter Norton first published lectures delivered at the People’s Institute, the adult education division of New York City’s Cooper Union. The Nortons soon expanded their program beyond the Institute, publishing books by celebrated academics from America and abroad. By mid-century, the two major pillars of Norton’s publishing program—trade books and college texts—were firmly established. In the 1950s, the Norton family transferred control of the company to its employees, and today—with a staff of four hundred and a comparable number of trade, college, and professional titles published each year—W. W. Norton & Company stands as the largest and oldest publishing house owned wholly by its employees. Copyright © 2005 [TK]

All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America. 

The text of this book is composed in [TK] 
with the display set [TK]. 

Composition by TSI Graphics, Inc. 

Book design by Anna Oler. 

Manufacturing by the Courier Companies—Westford Division. 

Cover illustration: [TK] 

Production Manager: Ben Reynolds. 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

ISBN 0–393–97983–0 

W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10110–0017 
W. W. Norton & Company Ltd., Castle House, 75/76 Wells Street, London W1T 3QT 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 
Table of Contents

Alphabetical Table of Contents 9
Preface 13

Introduction 17

Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895–1897), 
Lumière Brothers 42

Karin Littau 

A Trip to the Moon (1902), Georges Méliès 64 

Tom Gunning 

The Birth of a Nation (1915), D. W. Griffith 82 

Daniel Bernardi 

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), Robert Wiene 98 

Paul Coates 

Nanook of the North (1922), Robert J. Flaherty 118 

Jeffrey Geiger 

Sherlock Jr. (1924), Buster Keaton 138 

Hal Gladfelder 

Battleship Potemkin (1926), Sergei Eisenstein 158 

Bill Nichols 

Metropolis (1927), Fritz Lang 178 

R. L. Rutsky 

Un chien andalou (1929), Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí 196 

Tom Conley 

It Happened One Night (1934), Frank Capra 216 

Richard Maltby 


Modern Times (1936), Charlie Chaplin 238 

Charles J. Maland 

Osaka Elegy (1936), Mizoguchi Kenji 260 

Joanne Bernardi 

Bringing Up Baby (1938), Howard Hawks 282 

S. I. Salamensky 
The Rules of the Game (1939), Jean Renoir 300 

Christopher Faulkner 

Stagecoach (1939), John Ford 319 

Matthew Bernstein 

Citizen Kane (1941), Orson Welles 340 

James Naremore 

Casablanca (1942), Michael Curtiz 362 

Dana Polan 

Double Indemnity (1944), Billy Wilder 380 

Gaylyn Studlar 

Rome Open City (1945), Roberto Rossellini 400 

Marcia Landy 

Bicycle Thieves (1948), Vittorio De Sica 422 

Geoffrey Nowell-Smith 

Singin’ in the Rain (1952), Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly 440 

Jane Feuer 

Tokyo Story (1953), Ozu Yasujiro 456 

David Desser 

Rear Window (1954), Alfred Hitchcock 474 

Elizabeth Cowie 

Seven Samurai (1954), Kurosawa Akira 494 

Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto 

Pather Panchali (1955), Satyajit Ray 510 

Neepa Majumdar 



The Seventh Seal (1956), Ingmar Bergman 
Marilyn Johns Blackwell 
The 400 Blows (1959), François Truffaut 
Alastair Phillips 
Breathless (1960), Jean-Luc Godard 
Richard Neupert 
81/2 (1963), Federico Fellini 
Kriss Ravetto-Biagioli 
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Stanley Kubrick 
Robert Kolker 
The Godfather (1972), Francis Ford Coppola 
Jon Lewis 
Ali: Fear Eats the Soul (1974), Rainer Werner Fassbinder 
Shohini Chaudhuri 
Chinatown (1974), Roman Polanski 
Steve Neale 
The Last Supper (1976), Tomás Gutiérrez Alea 
Gilberto M. Blasini 
Taxi Driver (1976), Martin Scorsese 
Cynthia Fuchs 
Ceddo (1977), Ousmane Sembene 
Philip Rosen 
Peking Opera Blues (1986), Tsui Hark 
Jenny Kwok Wah Lau 
Yeelen (1987), Souleymane Cissé 
N. Frank Ukadike 
Do the Right Thing (1989), Spike Lee 
Sharon Willis 
Close-up (1989), Abbas Kiarostami 
Hamid Naficy 

To Sleep with Anger (1990), Charles Burnett 
Valerie Smith 
Raise the Red Lantern (1991), Zhang Yimou 
Shuqin Cui 
Daughters of the Dust (1991), Julie Dash 
Anna Everett 
All About My Mother (1999), Pedro Almodóvar 
Paul Julian Smith 
Glossary of Critical Terms