THR334 Film and Movies
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This area is for drawing the image that the camera operator should try to capture during shooting. The sketch is very important because it shows an example of the shot composition that is desired. The shot selection might call for a "medium" shot, but since people have different standards for shot compositions, the sketch is the only way to see what type of shot is expected.
The sketches of the storyboard do not need to be detailed, but should be accurate enough so that there are no mistakes of capturing "long shots" when "close-ups" were called for.
Fill this in last after you have determined the order of the shots. If you later decide to change the order, just cross out the old number and record a new number. The order will be important for the editing team so that they know exactly which shots follow each other. With the sequence number identified, you can rearrange the order of each storyboard card to allow you to plan how to efficiently capture your footage during the production stage.
This will contain a description of what the director will be instructing the camera operator to capture on tape. This will help to explain details that cannot be shown by a single sketch. You might decide to use some of the terms used to identify the basic camera shots, such as, extreme close up, medium shot, or long shot in conjunction with your descriptions. If these camera shot terms are new to you, go to the Basic Shot Selection section to see examples.
Transition In/Transition Out
A transition is the process of changing from one shot to the next. Identifying your transitions in your storyboard will make editing much easier. By looking at these lines, the production team can tell if they have variation between shots. Comparing the transition "out" of one shot with the following transition "in" of a different shot helps to ensure a sequence of shots that will not confuse the audience. In the Basic Shot Selection section, further explanations of transition options are provided.
This line can be used to provide a classification of the starting video image: print graphic, computer generated graphic, title, action shot, scenic shot, two person dialog, interviewee response, etc. See the Basic Shot Selection section for more details on the types of graphics or titles that you might consider. It is not critical to use exact terms of different shot types, but it is helpful to develop a scheme for how this entry will help you classify the video image type. It will be up to you to decide how you use this field.
As the video image is recorded, sounds can be recorded simultaneously. Notes can be made that the built-in microphone, or the external microphone will be used. Sometimes, you may want no sound, other times you may want just background sounds. For example, if your visual will show children playing, you may want to include the sounds that you typically hear at a playground.
If you will be doing narration at the same time that you are recording the video footage, or recording someone speaking, you can make a note to see the narration/script section for further details of what is expected to be said.
If you plan to add secondary audio during editing, you should make note of what kind of audio you will need. As an example, if you were showing shots of the process of donating blood at the Blood Bank, you might add a voiceover that explains the process that matches the visual that the viewer sees.
You can plan to add music, voiceovers, or recorded audio from another videotape; or it could come directly from an attached microphone. Keep in mind that during the editing process, this will not replace but add to the standard audio that you recorded during the taping of your visual.
Estimated Time of Take
How many seconds do you anticipate this segment to be? This will help guide you during taping to make sure that you have segments long enough, or it can help the editing team make decisions to shorten recorded segments that might appear too long in the master tape.
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If you need specific words said, you should write them here. You can also provide descriptions of the kind of responses you anticipate from an interviewee if you are recording an interview. Use this section to describe further details that are essential to the shot that you are trying to get.
Remember, this is part of your pre-production planning. With more specific information here, you should have a clear picture of what to expect during production.
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